A) These components help the muscle contract. The orientations of the collagen fibers are aligned with the concavity towards the medullary cavity, suggesting this feature is not a preservational artifact. 4. B) houses red bone marrow. Adults do not take in as much calcium as children do, thus their bones are weaker. Osteoblasts form a closely packed sheet on the surface of the bone, from which cellular processes extend through the developing bone. … Which of the following best describes interstitial growth? A. vertebrae B. The outer surface of the bone is covered with a fibrous membrane called the periosteum (peri - = “around” or “surrounding”). The buccal cortex of the mandible is removed until bleeding bone is encountered at all margins of the surgical defect, thus producing a saucerlike defect. Which of the following does NOT stimulate the medullary breathing center chemosensitive neurons? The diaphysis in long bones has a large medullary cavity, whereas the epiphyses do not. The diaphysis in long bones has a large medullary cavity, whereas the epiphyses do not. A) A cavity within a bone to house a osteocyte. The bone is broken in more than one place. TRUE. A) Cartilage-forming cells divide and secrete new matrix on the external surface of the cartilage. Compact bone, trabeculae c. Canaliculi, spongy bone d. Central canal, medullary cavity 4. C) These are not excitable or contractile, but are extensible and elastic. Osteoclasts create the medullary cavity of long bones and the line where the primary ossification meets the secondary ossification becomes the "growth plate" or epiphyseal plate. The cartilage matrix begins to deteriorate An ossification center forms in the fibrous connective tissue. Within compact bone. Neurons in the different regions of the medulla oblongata transmit motor and sensory impulses and carry out complex integrative functions, helping regulate processes such as respiration, heart rate, and digestion. a. Medullary cavity, spongy bone b. Which of the following statements best describes interstitial growth? 1) Bones are covered and lined by a protective tissue called periosteum. The term "medulla" is a Latin word for middle, which describes the space occupying the middle of the bone. Composed of hyaline cartilage and are designed to directly provide nutrients to the femur. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Which of the following is the membrane that lines the medullary cavity of a long bone? Which of the following best describes the role of a lacuna in the bone? D) Only the endosteum, marrow cavity, and epiphyses are innervated. The outer surface of the bone is covered with a fibrous membrane called the periosteum (peri - = “around” or “surrounding”). The medullary cavity is the cavity within a bone where a soft and flexible substance called marrow is stored. 6 - Which of the following hormones are responsible... Ch. A. For intramembranous ossification to take place, which of the following is necessary? a) A primary ossification center develops where bone tissue replaces cartilage. Which of the following is not true about the formation of flat bones? This pit is a necessary component of … D. Replaces red marrow in medullary cavity of long bone. B. D) Only the endosteum, marrow cavity, and epiphyses are innervated. B) an indentation within a bone that houses an osteoclast C) a space within the bone for marrow development D) another term for the diploe of a flat bone. A bone collar forms around the cartilage model. The medullary cavity has a delicate membranous lining called the endosteum (end– = “inside”; oste– = “bone”), where bone growth, repair, and remodeling occur. Spongy bone A) is arranged in osteons. two types of marrow found within most bones fact that most bones are formed of two types of bone tissue double-layered nature of the connective tissue covering the bone Question 50 For intramembranous ossification to take place, which of the following is necessary? C) The periosteum and endosteum are innervated by sensory nerves. TRUE. front 93. FALSE. B) Only the periosteum is innervated. The medullary cavity has a delicate membranous lining called the endosteum (end- = “inside”; oste- = “bone”), where bone growth, repair, and remodeling occur. D) An ossification center forms in the fibrous connective tissue. A) A bone collar forms around the cartilage model. Osteoblast, large cell responsible for the synthesis and mineralization of bone during both initial bone formation and later bone remodeling. Medulla oblongata, the lowest part of the brain and the lowest portion of the brainstem. back 93. B) The components help maintain muscle tone. Compact dense bone which houses the medullary cavity is identified as _____. Ch. 49) Which of the following explanations best describes how the medullary cavity of a long bone forms? The purpose of this is to decompress the bone to allow extrusion of pus, debris, and any bony sequestra. E. parietal ... A. in the medullary cavity of long bones B. in the central canals of osteons C. primarily in flat bones D. in the epiphyseal plates of long bones The term osteoid refers to the organic part of the matrix of compact bones. For intramembranous ossification to take place, which of the following is necessary? Which of the following statements best describes interstitial growth? The human skeleton Correctly label the following bones or the axial skeleton Place your cursor on the boxes for more information The skull stemum zygomatic bone temporal bone parietal bone C ribs costal cartilages maxilla occipital bone The rib cage: frontal bone mandible Zoom Anatomy of a long bone Correctly label the following anatomy of a long bone. a. They develop through endochondral ossification b. Osteoblasts secrete bone matrix c. Osteoblasts develop into osteocytes and form trabeculae d. c) Osteocytes secrete hydrolytic enzymes that remove bone and collagen. b) Osteoclasts digest newly formed spongy bone trabeculae leaving behind an opening. Tags: Question 23 . A) Bones are not innervated. B. Composed of dense fibrous connective tissue and direct the flow of synovial fluid over the hyaline cartilage at the end of the femur. B) An ossification center forms in the fibrous connective tissue. Which of the following statements best describes interstitial growth of cartilage? a. Hemiplegia b. Heiparesis c. Paraplegia d. Paraesthesia TEK 2F 29. 6 - Which one of the following foods is best for bone... Ch. A) A medullary cavity forms. 33) Which of the following describes how bones are innervated? B) Fibroblasts give rise to chondrocytes that differentiate and form cartilage. Osteons are found. A medullary cavity forms. A bone collar forms around the cartilage model. Saucerization is the “unroofing” of bone to expose the medullary cavity. C) houses yellow bone marrow. D) … differentiation of osteoclasts into osteocytes. A) Growth occurs in the lining of the long bones. 6 - When calcium levels are too high or too low, which... Ch. All of the listed responses are correct. a. Chondrocytes divide and secrete new matrix from within the cartilage. Which of the following best describes a compound (open) fracture? The outer surface of the bone is covered with a fibrous membrane called the periosteum ( peri – = “around” or “surrounding”). B) The cartilage matrix begins to deteriorate. B. The medullary cavity has a delicate membranous lining called the endosteum (end- = “inside”; oste- = “bone”), where bone growth, repair, and remodeling occur. a. cancellous bone b. strong bone c. cortical bone d. flat bones TEK 2F 28. Growth occurs in the lining of long bones b. Fibroblasts give rise to chondrocytes that differentiate and form cartilage c. Unspecialized cells from the mesenchyme differentiate into chrondrocytes, which divide and form cartilage d. ... A medullary cavity forms 29. Bone is now deposited within the structure creating the primary ossification center ( Figure 6.4.2 c). C) A medullary cavity forms. The medullary cavity has a delicate membranous lining called the endosteum (end- = “inside”; oste- = “bone”), where bone growth, repair, and remodeling occur. Which of the following is NOT part of the upper respiratory tract? Which of the following statements best describes interstitial growth of cartilage? Which of the following statements best describes interstitial growth? A) diaphysis B) periosteum C) endosteum D) metaphysis E) epiphysis 5. Which of the following is the single most important stimulus for epiphyseal plate activity during infancy and childhood. 6 - With respect to their direct effects on osseous... Ch. CHAPTER 34: MUSCULOSKELETAL ALTERATIONS MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.What differences in the musculoskeletal system of children make their bones able to absorb more energy before breaking and to heal more quickly? A) Growth occurs in the lining of the long bones. C. Composed of hyaline cartilage and direct the flow of synovial fluid over the fibrocartilage at the end of the femur. D) The cartilage matrix begins to deteriorate. A. The medial and lateral menisci are. Describe how oxygen is carried from outside a bone to an individual osteocyte. A) Bones are not innervated. B) Only the periosteum is innervated. C. femur D. humerus E. parietal. b. Childrens bones have more cartilage and a stronger periosteum. A. Which of the following statements best describes interstitial growth? front 72. Which of the following describes how bones are innervated? D. Replaces red marrow in the medullary cavity of long bone. C) A bone collar forms around the cartilage model. Which of the following best describes the function of the series-elastic component of muscle? The structural unit of compact bone (osteon) resembles the growth rings of a tree trunk. The outer surface of the bone is covered with a fibrous membrane called the periosteum (peri – = “around” or “surrounding”). A medullary cavity forms. They arise from the In newborn infants, the medullary cavity and all areas of spongy bone contain yellow bone marrow. D) is located primarily in long bones. 6 - All of the following play a role in calcium... Ch. C) The periosteum and endosteum are innervated by motor nerves. 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