Honey Bee Presentation Final 1. The parthenogenesis eliminates the variation from the populations. Powerpoint Presentations This series of Powerpoint presentations was authored and developed by Dana Stahlman and was provided to Ohio bee clubs by the Ohio State Beekeepers Association (OSBA). Thelytokous parthenogenesis; haplo-diploidy; central fusion; triploid; In Hymenoptera (ants, wasps and bees) males are haploid and females are diploid ().Often, the switch that determines sex is a single locus, the complementary sex determiner (csd) (Cook and Crozier 1995; Beye et al. 3. The parthenogenesis is the most simple, stable and easy process of reproduction. A key factor. 2003; Heimpel and de Boer 2008).When an individual is heterozygous at csd, it develops as a female. The more familiar situation, where the queen fertilizes an egg with sperm, results in a female bee. As Kenneth G.Eade says, a honey bee queen lays fertilised female eggs using sperm stored from her mating flight. 1. Only the male drone eggs which she lays are produced by parthenogenesis, without fertilisation. I guess this would occur when an egg would have a complete set of the female's chromosomes, instead of only half the number. Natural parthenogenesis: In this, the parthenogenesis is a regular and characteristic feature of life cycle e.g., in colonial insect honey bee (Apis indica), the adult and fertile queen produces two types of eggs: the fertilized and the unfertilized. Female stick insects can also produce female offspring without males, all daughters will however be clones of the mother. 1. The thelytokious parthenogenesis has been explained as an adaptation to the harsh, wet, windy conditions where the queen is much more on a risk getting lost during her mating flights (Tribe 1983, Moritz and Kauhausen 1984, Moritz 1986). This process results in a clone of the female; an exact genetic replica. I guess this is a last resort to ensure survival in difficult times until a … 4. Honey bees, wasps, ants, grass-hoppers, ticks, mites and sea-urchins. All eggs and sperm carry 16 chromosomes each. The Importance of the Honey Bee Unattributed Middle Schooler 2. Drones result from unfertilized eggs (parthenogenesis).They have no father. The parthenogenesis serves as the means for the determination of sex in the honey bees, wasps, etc. All 10 million sperm produced by a … The process of reproduction from unfertilized eggs is called parthenogenesis. 5. I know that parthenogenesis is the ability in a species for females to be able to reproduce without males, for example in honey bees and in some species of gecko. Parthenogenesis is of two types - (a) Natural (b) Artificial (a) Natural parthenogenesis - Some animals show parthenogenesis by nature e.g. Each egg contains a unique combination of 50% of the queens genes. Number of chromosomes in bees. 2. 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