Kathi vesham ('knife') with red and black streaks on the face, plus a white spot on the nose-signs of a villain. The pacha vesham with its predominant green colour is used to portray noble male characters like kings and divine beings. King Lear in a Kathakali vesham. The pomp and magnificence of Kathakali is partly due to its décor, part of which is the kireetam or huge headgear and the kanchukam the over sized jackets, and a long skirt worn over a thick padding of cushions. The Vesham or make-up is of five types - Pacha, Kathi, Thadi, Kari and Minukku. Le Vesham (costume et maquillage) de Kathakali intrigue les téléspectateurs depuis des siècles. Black is obtained in the same method as for Kathakali and for red, kumkumam is used. Traditionally, Kathakali being a predominantly male performance, the female characters are also performed by men. For instance, Ravana and Narakasura. They are strictly void of ill-practices like drinking alcohol and also meat eating. The Vesham or make-up is of five types - Pacha, Kathi, Thadi, Kari and Minukku. It is said that before man learnt to paint on walls of caves, they painted their own bodies. It is used to represent a character such as Ravana who belongs to a high caste, and yet possesses a pure evil personality. UNIQUE FEATURE # 3:  PROMINENT USE OF ‘ACTING TECHNIQUES’. Yakshagana means the song of ‘Demi-Gods’. Learn more. In addition, it also requires the use of a sign language (i.e. Since India has a variety of dance forms, the painting styles differ according to the dance and also the place. namely Pacha (green), Kathi (knife), Kari (black), Thaadi (beard), and Minukku (radiant). The pomp and magnificence of Kathakali is partly due to its décor, part of which is the kireetam (huge ornamental headgear) and the kanchukam (over sized jackets), and a long skirt worn over a thick padding of cushions. A candidate after successfully acquiring admission into a training centre/school is then placed under the guidance of a teacher i.e. The vesham symbolically represents five classes, Pacha (green) portrays noble protagonists, Kathi (knife) villainous, thadi (beard), Kari (black) represents low characters and Minukku (prettying up) women, sages, brahmins etc. Characters have their faces elaborately painted and they wear stylized costumes and tall headdresses. Updated: Dec 15, 2018, 18:04 IST . Kottakal Nandakumaran Nair is a well known Kathakali dancer and he is famous for his ‘Kathi’ Veshas. Characters of high birth who have an evil streak, such as the asura king Ravana, are also given a similar green make-up, slashed with red marks on the cheeks. So the four unique features that Kathakali as a style of traditional dancing possesses. Kathi Vesham is used for the villainous character like Ravana; Vella Thadi Vesham which is the Beard is used to portray divine characters; Teppo make-up is used for superhuman characters like Hanuman, Jatayu. It combines all three varieties of Tamil — Iyal (Literature), Isai (music) and Nadagam (drama). a symbiotic teacher-student relationship) the selected candidate before the commencement of training needs to present a gift in the form few coins with betel leaves to the guru. Tiranottam is an interesting piece of the play. Thiranottam performed by characters like kathi, kari and thaadi in Kathakali, Kerala, India. Kathi characters act as tough men with larger designs (Nedumkathi); Yama falls into this class. Kathakali make up is an elaborate process lasting for 3 hours.It helps in giving a super human look to the actors.The make up of the male character other than the saint,is tedious.The Make Up is directly applied to the face and it does not obstruct the full expression of face and eyes. Great importance is laid on the Vesham or make-up which are of five types - Pacha, Kathi, Thadi, Kari and Minukku. The colours are naturally obtained from chayilyam stone(red), Manayola(yellow), limestone and rice flour (white), Manayola and Neelam together for (green), Ash from burning sesame oil for (black). UNIQUE FEATURE # 2:THE COSTUMES USED IN KATHAKALI. Majorly, it narrates the Ramayana and the Tamil epic Silambu. But you go not to listen to a story being told; you go to watch the story unfold. Kathakali Make-up Costume is elaborate with the face painted up. Now, this classical Indian dance style similar to some of the others such as Bharatanatayam, Kathak etc comprise of a few unique features. 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