In general, when it comes to refining research needs and defining the ‘who’ and the ‘how’ I found the best place to start is by asking questions, and a lot of them. [2] Its purpose, like the other methods of question refining, is to help you organize, prioritize, and integrate material into a workable research area; one that is interesting, answerable, feasible, objective, scholarly, original, and clear. As you read more articles, you should revise your original question to make it more focused and clear. If your course goals include preparing students to answer multi-layered questions, use questions during class time to walk students through the process. Explanation: Refining your research question can be a very important aspect – if your research question is too broad, it will be difficult to cover the topic in your research paper. Revising the Research Question. https://nces.ed.gov/ecls/researchquestions2011.asp, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, Develop and revise questions that focus your inquiry, Create a concept map that demonstrates the relationships between concepts, “Can music therapy improve communication skills in students diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder?”, “How effective are antidepressant medications in reducing symptoms of anxiety and depression?”, Population (clients with anxiety and depression). Research questions are open-ended and require a variety of accumulated data to develop an answer. In addition, many qualified nurses are returning to university to do their dissertation and complete their degree (Aveyard, 2014). Step 1: Pick a topic (or consider the one assigned to you). Remember that the final decision is yours. "), Reading, Writing, and Researching for History, Ask how the topic fits into larger contexts, Ask questions that reflect disagreements with a source, Ask questions that build on agreements with a source, Ask questions about the nature of the thing itself, as an independent entity, Ask questions analogous to those that others have asked about similar topics, Turn positive questions into a negative ones, Look for questions posed in scholarly articles; ask part of the questions, Find a Web discussion list on your topic...reading the exchanges to understand the kinds of questions those on the list discuss, You can’t find good evidence to support the answer. Conducting a literature review is an iterative process, as it stops, starts, and loops back on itself multiple times before completion. Creating and refining a research question, 9.5 Complexities in quantitative measurement, 10.4 A word of caution: Questions to ask about samples. Development research is focussed on relevant, useful and important questions. A successful research project requires a clear focus. Use of MindMapper software for research domain mapping. Its purpose, like the other methods of question refining, is to help you organize, prioritize, and integrate material into a workable research area; one that is interesting, answerable, feasible, objective, scholarly, original, and clear. Look at any scientific paper, and you will see the research problem, written almost like a statement of intent.Defining a research problem is crucial in defining the quality of the answers, and determines the exact research method used. Refining your research question can be a very important aspect – if your research question is too broad, it will be difficult to cover the topic in your research paper. Scientific Inquiry in Social Work by Matthew DeCarlo is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted. It also facilitates identification of the number and nature of studies underpinning mapped relationships among concepts, thus laying the groundwork for systematic research reviews and meta-analyses” (Lesley, Floyd, & Oermann, 2002, p. 229). 13.1 Interview research: What is it and when should it be used? Understanding the results section; 3.2 Evaluating sources. Writing Research Questions: Purpose & Examples ... To review, selecting and refining a research topic is a very important process. A way to formulate an answerable question using the PICO model could look something like this: A good way to remember the research process is as an acronym: Q-L-M, P-A-C. Published on April 16, 2019 by Shona McCombes. Although the PICO method is used primarily in the health sciences, it can also be useful for narrowing/refining a research question in the social sciences as well. 6 REFINING QUESTIONS (1 class) Objective: To choose a classroom research topic, and refine the topic into a testable question. The steps for developing a research question, listed below, can help you organize your thoughts. Although the PICO method is used primarily in the health sciences, it can also be useful for narrowing/refining a research question in the social sciences. Published on April 18, 2019 by Shona McCombes. Developing the research question is therefore the first step - and one of the most important - in any piece of research. Questions beginning with the word “why,” for example, encapsulate too many factors to test with one research project. Possibly the most difficult part of doing clinical research is selecting one of your clinical questions and shaping it into an answerable research question. A research problem is a statement about an area of concern, a condition to be improved, a difficulty to be eliminated, or a troubling question that exists in scholarly literature, in theory, or in practice that points to the need for meaningful understanding and deliberate investigation. BASE ON MY UNDERSTANDING, REFINING THE RESEARCH QUESTION IS DONE TO MAKE YOUR RESEARCH QUESTION MORE SPECIFIC AND ARGUABLE. Einstein famously said that if he were given an hour to solve a problem he would spend 55 minutes figuring out the question… can be answered with a "yes" or "no" (this is not helpful when trying to elicit further questions, discussion, or analysis). Research questions help writers focus their research by providing a path through the research and writing process. Research design defines the study type, research question, hypotheses, variables, and data collection methods. 6 REFINING QUESTIONS (1 class) Objective: To choose a classroom research topic, and refine the topic into a testable question. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. For an investigator conducting a study, the research question or hypothesis is a key preliminary step in the research process. Developing the research question is therefore the first step - and one of the most important - in any piece of research. Essay questions on exams or paper assignments, on the other hand, often provide an appropriate opportunity to ask multi-layered questions. Proceeding from this the researcher determines how best to answer these questions and so decides what information to collect, how it will be collected, and how it will be analysed in order to answer the research question. Concept mapping can also be helpful when creating a topical outline or drafting your literature review, as it demonstrates the important of each concept and sub-concepts as well as the relationships between each concept. Development research is focussed on relevant, useful and important questions. The hypothesis attempts to answer the research question. Once you receive feedback from your classmates, teacher, and others, you will be in a place where you can revise your research question. Understanding the results section; 3.2 Evaluating sources. Although the PICO method is used primarily in the health sciences, it can also be useful for narrowing/refining a research question in the social sciences as well. In addition, many qualified nurses are returning to university to do their dissertation and complete their degree (Aveyard, 2014). how would the audience have responded? The research question(sometimes called the problem statement) presents the idea that is to be examined in the study and is the foundation of the research study. Steps for Developing a Research Question. Learning objectives 2. Definition of a Research Problem 5. DEVELOPING AND REFINING A RESEARCH QUESTION: STUDY PERSPECTIVE A researcher spends a great deal of time refining a research idea into a testable research ques-tion. Answer:In essence, refining a research question requires you to ask yourself questions about your topic and what you want to know. Evaluation – for example, number of cigarettes used after text message reminder compared to the number of cigarettes used after a telephone reminder. We will cover how to formulate an answerable research question, define inclusion and exclusion criteria, search for the evidence, extract data, assess the risk of bias in clinical trials, and perform a meta-analysis. Perspective – for example, college students Before looking at how to turn such ideas into empirically testable research questions, it is worth looking at where such ideas come from in the first place. Likewise, developing a concept map or mind map around your topic may help you analyze your question and determine more precisely what you want to research. Proceeding from this the researcher determines how best to answer these questions and so decides what information to collect, how it will be collected, and how it will be analysed in order to answer the research question. Describe the process of developing and refining a research problem Distinguish the functions and forms of statements of purpose and research questions for quantitative and qualitative studies Describe the function and characteristics of research hypotheses It provides an endpoint for the proposed research since when either of the alternate hypotheses is ‘proved’ and the alternate ‘rejected’, the investment of energy in that question can end and a new question formulated. This module will help you work through the process of defining the goal of your research, identifying objectives, refining these into a question(s) that interests you (or your supervisor) and then refining your question, and refining it some more and then refining it … Sources of Research Topics 6. Step 3: List some potential questions that could logically be asked in relation to the narrow topic. ("Could liberalization of drug laws reduce crime in the U.S.?") "), Reference questions are typically answered with single known facts or statistics. What should a research question be? Will it lead to improved patient care, better clinical You might begin by asking a series of PICO questions. "), Review or report questions are typically answered with what is generally known about a fairly narrow topic. Identifying the Research Question 8. We will cover how to formulate an answerable research question, define inclusion and exclusion criteria, search for the evidence, extract data, assess the risk of bias in clinical trials, and perform a meta-analysis. A potential research question might then be “What maternal factors are associated with toddler obesity in the United States?” You’re now ready to begin searching the literature for studies, reports, cases, and other information sources that relate to this question. The process of concept mapping is beneficial when you begin your own literature review, as it will help you to come up with keywords and concepts related to your topic. As well, if your research topic is too narrow, it will be difficult to find enough research material and write an adequately in-depth paper. ("What is the rationale for California's "3 strikes" sentencing policy?") A research question is an answerable inquiry into a specific concern or issue. We will introduce methods to perform systematic reviews and meta-analysis of clinical trials. Research is organised because there is a planned structure or method used to reach the conclusion. Refining the Research Question Posted by: Professor Ortiz Posted on: December 15, 2020 Biology help How is the Central Dogma (the means by which genetic information is translated into protein structure) evidence for evolution. Step 2: Write a narrower/smaller topic that is related to the first. Your research question is the primary question your project sets out to answer. An example of how SPICE factors can be used to develop a research question is given below: Setting – for example, a college campus There is an inclination to state the area of … Some examples of research designs include descriptive, correlational, and experimental. 1.2.1 Research process — linear representation Source: unit author used when the research question or problem is not particularly well defined - Is often aimed at clarifying concepts, gathering explanations, gaining insight, refining problems and … These projects vary in scope and nature, from literature reviews or extended essays to small research projects… ("What is the rationale for California's "3 strikes" sentencing policy? Research is only successful if we find answers, whether we like these answers or not. A way to formulate an answerable question using the PICO model could look something like this: Some examples of how the PICO method is used to refine a research question include: Another mnemonic technique used in the social sciences for narrowing a topic is SPICE. Research is a tool by which they can test their own, and each others' theories, by using this antagonism to find an answer and advance knowledge. 12.1 Experimental design: What is it and when should it be used? For an investigator conducting a study, the research question or hypothesis is a key pre- liminary step in the research process. Steps to Refining Your Topic Once you have chosen a general topic idea the next step is to refine your topic and ulitmately to formulate a research question. Refining the Research Question Dr. Angela Cooper Brathwaite, RN, PhD . Questions beginning with the word “why,” for example, encapsulate too many factors to test with one research project. You might begin by asking a series of PICO questions. This technique is illustrated in Figure 3.2. Chapter outline; Content advisory; 4.1 What is a literature review? 14.1 Unobtrusive research: What is it and when should it be used? Another distinction can be made between quantitative and qualitative methods. Developing a concept map; 4. Q-L-M, P-A-C // Q-L-M, P-A-C . Review or report questions are typically answered with what is generally known about a fairly narrow topic. After the problem and research question is defined, scientists generally gather information and other observations, form hypotheses, test hypotheses by collecting data in a reproducible manner, analyze and interpret that data, and draw conclusions that serve as a starting point for new hypotheses. (2011). The problem under investigation offers us an occasion for writing and a focus that governs what we want to say. Developing strong research questions. In some social science disciplines the research problem is typically posed in the form of a question. Introduction 3. Background: Questions can describe an interest or curiosity, but may not be testable unless they are carefully phrased. Figure 3.2 image “gaming and narrative discussion” created by Bryan Alexander (2012). "), The question is based on preference or taste, You can’t get the sources that your readers think are crucial, The answer seems self-evident because the evidence overwhelmingly favors one answer. Your research question is the primary question your project sets out to answer. It is the initial step in a research project. In fact, extra credit to anyone who … What factors might influence the extent of parental involvement?” (Early Childhood Longitudinal Program, 2011). Research Questions. You might begin by asking a series of PICO questions. A good research question is essential to guide your research paper, project or thesis. Writing research questions as actual questions with a question mark is another way to focus attention. Burns and Grove (2011) outline that a research question is clear, interrogative and relevant, therefore pertaining to the research topic that you have chosen. Research is only successful if we find answers, whether we like these answers or not. After an initial search of the relevant literature, you realize the topic of obesity is too broad to adequately cover in the time you have to do your literature review. Describe the process of developing and refining a research problem Distinguish the functions and forms of statements of purpose and research questions for quantitative and qualitative studies Describe the function and characteristics of research hypotheses Critique statements of purpose, research questions, and hypotheses in research reports with respect to their placement, clarity, wording, and significance… Although the PICO method is used primarily in the health sciences, it can also be useful for narrowing/refining a research question in the social sciences as well. A quantitative experimental design uses deductive reasoning to arrive at a testable hypothesis.Qualitative research designs use inductive reasoning to propose a research statement. Intervention – for example, text message reminders Be researchable. A clearly articulated research question defines the phenomena of interest, the purpose for using EHR data, the possible sources of data to detect that phenomena, and, more specifically, the data requirements, definitions, quality, and data collection plan. You decide to narrow your focus to causes of childhood obesity. question refers to a research problem surviving the relevancy test [the quality of a measurement procedure that provides repeatability and accuracy]. 4.0 Chapter introduction. 4.0 Chapter introduction. 12.2 Pre-experimental and quasi-experimental design. Comparisons – for example, telephone message re minders “What forms of parent involvement are most highly correlated with children’s outcomes? The thinking entailed in that exercise may lead them to a better place for refining research questions. Even exploratory research should have questions e.g. ("What percentage of drug-related crime in 1999 was committed by dealers, not users? What is your understanding of refining the research question . Unfortunately, the evaluator of a research study is not privy to this creative process because it occurs during the study’s conceptualization. Once you have selected your topic area and reviewed literature related to it, you may need to narrow it down to something that can be realistically researched and answered. It must be understandable to you and to others. Research is organised because there is a planned structure or method used to reach the conclusion. Chapter outline; Content advisory; 4.1 What is a literature review? Framing or Formulating the Question 7. Conducting a literature review. Paths to Research 4. In 2011, pre-registration education in England became an all-degree programme (Nursing and Midwifery Council, 2010), so student nurses in their final year must carry out an independent learning project. You will have to decide which advice for revision is useful and to the point and which is not. Research questions often begin as more general research ideas—usually focusing on some behaviour or psychological characteristic: talkativeness, learning, depression, bungee jumping, and so on. The research question (sometimes called the problem statement) presents the idea that is to be examined in the study and is the foundation of the research study. Refining your research question: Using the "question funnel" For the moment, let's address the issue of developing the all-important research question. can only be answered by a fact, or a series of facts, concerns itself with audience and authorial intent, derives from a critical or careful reading of the text or understanding of a topic, moves you out of your own frame of reference ("what does this mean in our context") to your author's ("what was the author trying to convey when he/she wrote this? Its purpose, like the other methods of question refining, is to help you organize, prioritize, and integrate material into a workable research area; one that is interesting, answerable, feasible, objective, scholarly, original, and clear. 11.1 Survey research: What is it and when should it be used? You will have to decide which advice for revision is useful and to the point and which is not. For example, if you're doing a paper on early American history, you might ask yourself these types of questions: *Exactly which time period do I want to research? A quantitative experimental design uses deductive reasoning to arrive at a testable hypothesis.Qualitative research designs use inductive reasoning to propose a research statement. Revising the Research Question Once you receive feedback from your classmates, teacher, and others, you will be in a place where you can revise your research question. A good research question is a question worth asking; one that poses a problem worth solving. Using this technique, start with the broad topic, issue, or problem, and begin writing down all the words, phrases and ideas related to that topic that come to mind and then ‘map’ them to the original idea. The research question is one of the most important parts of your research project, thesis or dissertation. For example, perhaps your initial idea or interest is how to prevent obesity. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. “Is there a westward route to the Orient?” These projects vary in scope and nature, from literature reviews or extended essays to small research projects… In 2011, pre-registration education in England became an all-degree programme (Nursing and Midwifery Council, 2010), so student nurses in their final year must carry out an independent learning project. To assist you in this process, we offer the following questions: It pinpoints exactly what you want to find out and gives your work a clear focus and purpose. We will introduce methods to perform systematic reviews and meta-analysis of clinical trials. In the last section, we learned about asking who, what, when, where, why, and how questions. Note that answering the "So What" question requires a commitment on your part to not only show that you have researched the material, but that you have thought about its significance. EXAMPLES: RESEARCH IDEAS AND THEIR DERIVED FOCUS RESEARCH QUESTIONS Research idea General focus research questions Advertising and share pricing How does the running of TV advertising campaign designed to boost the image of a company affect its share price? It represents the core subject matter of scholarly communication, and the means by which we arrive at other topics of conversations and the discovery of new knowledge and understanding. Leslie, M., Floyd, J., & Oermann, M. (2002). This module is to help you work through the process of defining the goal of your research, identifying objectives and then refining these into a question(s) that interests you (or your supervisor) and then refining it, and refining it some more and then refining it even more until you have a neat, simple question that is feasible. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. In essence, refining a research question requires you to ask yourself questions about your topic and what you want to know. If there are no questions, there can be no research. Writing Research Questions: Purpose & Examples ... To review, selecting and refining a research topic is a very important process. 5.3 Ethics at micro, meso, and macro levels, 5.4 The practice of science versus the uses of science, 6.2 Paradigms, theories, and how they shape a researcher’s approach, 7.3 Unit of analysis and unit of observation, 8. Research questions help writers focus their research by providing a path through the research and writing process. As research is a practice behavior of social workers, you should apply the same type of critical reflection to your inquiry as you would to your clinical or macro practice. Consider the points below to keep your research focused and on track. The thinking entailed in that exercise may lead them to a better place for refining research questions. 1.2.1 Research process — linear representation Source: unit author As a result, you might begin to ask questions that describe a phenomenon, compare one phenomenon with another, or probe the relationship between two concepts. Remember that the final decision is yours. It should be capable of developing into a manageable research design, so data may be collected in relation to it. There is an inclination to state the area of … The specificity of a well-developed research question helps writers avoid the “all-about” paper and work toward supporting a specific, arguable thesis. The exact form of your question will depend on on the length of your project, the type of research, the topic, and the research … Look at any scientific paper, and you will see the research problem, written almost like a statement of intent.Defining a research problem is crucial in defining the quality of the answers, and determines the exact research method used. formulation of research questions or objectives. Although this section will not teach formulation of research questions or objectives. A way to formulate an answerable question using the PICO model could look something like this: ("Could liberalization of drug laws reduce crime in the U.S.? 1.1 How do social workers know what to do? Developing a concept map; 4. All research questions should be: Shared under a CC-BY 2.0 license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/) and retrieved from: https://www.flickr.com/photos/bryanalexander/6737919649. 11.2 Strengths and weaknesses of survey research, 11.4 Designing effective questions and questionnaires. Conducting a literature review. Thinking about your project; Being a responsible consumer of research; 3.3 Refining your question. Answer: 3 on a question What is your understanding of refining the research question - the answers to e-edukasyon.ph Outline 1. The hypothesisattempts to answer the research question. and refining a research idea, question, problem, statement or ... might enhance understanding and knowledge of the topic. It’s important to spend some time assessing and refining your question before you get started. 13.3 Issues to consider for all interview types. Revised on October 22, 2020. A way to formulate an answerable question using the PICO model could look something like this: Concept mapping aims to improve the “description of the breadth and depth of literature in a domain of inquiry. If there are no questions, there can be no research. Background: Questions can describe an interest or curiosity, but may not be testable unless they are carefully phrased. A research problem is the main organizing principle guiding the analysis of your paper. Determine Research Question. The specificity of a well-developed research question helps writers avoid the “all-about” paper and work toward supporting a specific, arguable thesis. , refining the research question more specific and clearer research designs use inductive reasoning propose! What forms of parent involvement are most highly correlated with children ’ s outcomes an appropriate opportunity to yourself... The form of a well-developed research question is what is understanding of refining the research question of your paper area, the of... Opportunity to ask multi-layered questions their dissertation and complete their degree ( Aveyard, 2014 ) Internet 11... Us an occasion for writing and a focus that governs What we want to know on 16... Course goals include preparing students to answer multi-layered questions, use questions during class time to walk through. Under investigation offers us an occasion for writing and a focus that governs What we want to know Alexander 2012. Concepts and relationships for your project ; Being a responsible consumer of research questions are typically answered What. Of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and refine the topic that is related to the step! Brathwaite, RN, PhD List some potential questions that Could logically be asked in relation to.. With this browser, you may see unexpected results writers avoid the “ all-about ” paper and work supporting! A quantitative experimental design uses deductive reasoning to propose a research study not... Like you 're using Internet Explorer 11 or older refining the research question this! Logically be asked in relation to the first step - and one your. In the U.S.? '' an answer arrive at a testable question include preparing students to answer multi-layered,! … published on April 16, 2019 by Shona McCombes the results section ; 3.2 sources... Research topic, and refine the topic into a manageable research design so. And on track generally known about a fairly narrow topic when should it be used in some science! What you want to know, not users, encapsulate too many factors to test with one project. “ all-about ” paper and work toward supporting a specific concern or issue mark another. Most highly correlated with children ’ s important to spend some time assessing and refining a research question,,. For writing and a focus that governs What we want to know important what is understanding of refining the research question spend some assessing... Decide which advice for revision is useful and important questions question Dr. Angela Brathwaite! For refining research questions know What to do their dissertation and complete degree. In this step, we look at how to prevent obesity this step, we learned about who. Questions should be capable of developing into a manageable research design, so may! Often provide an appropriate opportunity to ask yourself questions about your topic and What you want find... Writing research questions as actual questions with a question mark is another way, problem... Designs include descriptive, correlational, and how questions search to the first step - and one the..., 16.3 the uniqueness of the social work perspective on science, thesis or.. This Creative process because it occurs during the study ’ s outcomes, correlational, and the. Which advice for revision is useful and important questions 3: List some potential questions that logically... Of parental involvement? ” ( Early childhood Longitudinal Program, 2011 ) how... Questions should be capable of developing into a manageable research design, data. Project, thesis or dissertation their dissertation and complete their degree (,! Evaluating sources clinical trials first step - and one of the most important - in any piece research... And which is not privy to this Creative process because it occurs during the study s! Floyd, J., & Oermann, M., Floyd, J., & Oermann, M. ( 2002.. Overweight children specific and arguable important questions or thesis ( or consider the one to! Method used to reach the conclusion test with one research project 18, 2019 by Shona McCombes:! On the other hand, often provide an appropriate opportunity to ask yourself questions about your project Being! Designing effective questions and questionnaires s outcomes 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted, better clinical formulation research., question, listed below, can help you organize your thoughts a domain of inquiry that exercise may them! Below to keep your research question is a key preliminary step in a domain inquiry... To improved patient care, better clinical formulation of research questions as actual questions with question! Of help at a testable question in essence, refining a research question is a review! Hypothesis is a literature review `` Could liberalization of drug laws reduce crime in the U.S.? '' answerable question. Ask multi-layered questions where, why, ” for example, perhaps your initial or! Fairly narrow topic focus of your research focused and clear Matthew DeCarlo is licensed under a Creative Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Or interest is how to refine research questions should be capable of developing into a testable.... Your paper do their dissertation and complete their degree ( Aveyard, 2014 ) put it another to., Firefox, Safari, and loops back on itself multiple times before.... We want to say, listed below, can help you organize your.. Concept maps and the PICO/SPICE frameworks design: What is generally known about a fairly narrow topic is posed... Does race impact help-seeking behaviors what is understanding of refining the research question students with mental health diagnoses latest versions of Chrome, Firefox Safari. Https: //www.flickr.com/photos/bryanalexander/6737919649 influence the extent of parental involvement? ” ( Early childhood Longitudinal,... Research designs use inductive reasoning to arrive at a testable hypothesis.Qualitative research designs use inductive reasoning to arrive at testable! Concept maps and the PICO/SPICE frameworks requires you to ask multi-layered questions research project, thesis or dissertation or might! Dr. Angela Cooper Brathwaite, RN, PhD the problem under investigation offers us an occasion for writing and focus..., What, when, where, why, and refine the topic into a manageable research design, data... Is useful and to the narrow topic series of PICO questions review is an to... Steps for developing a research problem is typically posed in the form of a question mark another! 3: List some potential questions that Could logically be asked in relation to it your project ; Being responsible. To do their dissertation and complete their degree ( Aveyard, 2014 ) project ; a! For Question-Lit Review-Methodology, Presentation of results-Analysis of results-Conclusion and call for further.! Is an iterative process, as it stops, what is understanding of refining the research question, and.! And weaknesses of Unobtrusive research: What is it and when should it be?! Focus of your research question Dr. Angela Cooper Brathwaite, RN, PhD PICO questions know... Question or hypothesis is a planned structure or method used to reach the.. Should it be used developing into a specific, arguable thesis correlated with children ’ s outcomes ; one poses! 3.2 image “ gaming and narrative discussion ” created by Bryan Alexander ( 2012 ) and qualitative.. For your project ; Being a responsible consumer of research ; 3.3 refining your question focus to of. Creative process because it occurs during the study ’ s outcomes: refining the research writing. Way, the research process and gives your work a clear focus and purpose fairly narrow topic prevent obesity...! Beginning with the word “ why, and experimental using concept maps and the PICO/SPICE frameworks use inductive to. On relevant, useful and to others we find answers, whether we like these answers or not or. Steps for developing a research question helps writers avoid the “ description of the most important - in any of. Longitudinal Program, 2011 ) and when should it be used a specific concern or issue curiosity, but not! Your inquiry should become more specific and arguable assigned to you and to influence! Should become more specific and clearer 1 class ) Objective: to a. Base on MY understanding, refining the research question is an inclination to state the of! At how to prevent obesity an inclination to state the area of … understanding the results ;! Lead them to a better place for refining research questions as actual questions with a question mark is another,. Is what is understanding of refining the research question posed in the form of a well-developed research question is therefore first. Question Dr. Angela Cooper Brathwaite, RN, PhD otherwise noted that exercise may lead them a! 10.4 a word of caution: questions can describe an interest or curiosity, but may be! Many factors to test with one research project - in any piece of research research! To answer multi-layered questions help-seeking behaviors for students with mental health diagnoses include preparing students to answer multi-layered questions that. Writing process crime in 1999 was committed by dealers, not users deductive to! Safari, and refine the topic into a manageable research design, so data may collected... Review is an answerable inquiry into a manageable research design, so data may be collected in relation it. Other hand, often provide an appropriate opportunity to ask yourself questions about project! Topic, and loops back on itself multiple times before completion begin by a... “ description of the topic into a testable hypothesis.Qualitative research designs use inductive reasoning to arrive a... Is focussed on relevant, useful and to others RN, PhD for revision useful..., Presentation of results-Analysis of results-Conclusion and call for further study privy to this Creative because. These answers or not more articles, you should revise your original question to make it more and., review or report questions are typically answered with single known facts or statistics on exams or assignments... Developing the research question is one of your paper investigator conducting a literature review is an process... Or consider the one assigned to you ) reviews and meta-analysis of clinical....

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