During World War II, U.S. shipyards turned out cargo vessels faster than the ships could be supplied with crews. Forty-three of these were lost in the Pacific campaigns. There are many sources and sometimes there is no clear evidence. Some had never seen the ocean and others came out of retirement. American Liberty Ships were a major component of Allied Merchant Navy shipping unloading in Queensland ports during World War II. Hundreds of other ships were damaged, many beyond repair. Even vessels that were sunk by enemy action sometimes appear in the lists, if there was time to evacuate the ship and save its documents. Alphabetical listing by war years. Object details Category Books Related period Second World War (content), Second World War (content) Creator BLAND, A.L. HMS HOOD SUNK DATE -1941..Aerial view of Hood in 1924. How many ships were sunk during WWII and approximately how many bilions of liters of fuel have been spilled in the ocean ? Mortality among merchant seamen in the Second World War was higher than in any other armed forces. A rate of marine loss during the war years equal to the average of 1930-38 would have resulted in the loss of a.bout 320,000 g.r.t. Liberty Ship building in the US got underway after mid-1941. Model Warships Submarines King George Sea World Royal Navy Battleship British Royals Great Britain World War Ii. The U-boat captain had believed the ship was an armed cruiser. My pop served on these ships below that I know of and anyone is free to add pins if u find them. Although some merchant ships were armed, they were not designed to withstand enemy attack and if his ship was sunk at sea, the merchant â¦ 7-7-42; U-Boat War in the Caribbean: Opportunities Lost; Ultra and the Campaign Against U-boats in World War II; Underwater earthquake disasters and the U.S. Navy; Uniform Regulations, 1797 Crew lists from Ships hit by U-boats . After the First World War King George V, in recognition of the contribution made to the British war effort by merchant ships, granted the title of âMerchant Navyâ to non-military sailors. (Publisher) Production date 1952 Dimensions. Typescript. As the outbreak of World War II edged closer in 1939, the British merchant fleet remained the largest in the world, employing some 200,000 men and women. Brown, D, Warship Losses of World War Two (London, Arms & Armour Press, 1995) Merchant Marine had met its goals in delivering the men, equipment, and supplies needed to defeat the Japanese Empire. Merchant Navy Old Port Arctic Circle Navy Ships Royal Navy Battleship World War Ii Ww2 Sailing Stunning photos reveal brutal conditions during WW2 Arctic Convoys Black and white images have been transformed to show the harsh life on ships heading to and from freezing northern ports in the Soviet Union during the Second World War. These records are digitised cards recording the movements of British and Allied merchant ships during the Second World War. Accordingly the JOINT ARMY-NAVY ASSESSMENT COMMITTEE was appointed for this purpose. That very evening, the first merchant ship to fall victim to the war was sunk. U-571, World War II German Submarine; U-595 Scuttled and Sunk Off Cape Khamis, Algeria 11-14-42; U-701 Sunk By US Army Attack Bomber No. This list may not reflect recent changes . Member Posts: 4478 Joined: 27 Jul 2004, 02:30 Location: Cleveland ,tennessee. 20 ships sunk by aircraft: 4 ships sunk by aircraft: The numbers listed to the left, and in this column do not include ships and men lost due to the Japanese operations in December. 1948] LOSSES OF U.K. The Irish Mercantile Marine during World War II continued essential overseas trade in the conflict, ... As merchant ships of a neutral country the Limerick ships had no blackout facilities, and the Master of the British Convoy Commodore's ship, the liner Aguila, objected that this would make the convoy visible to the enemy at night. Homer Hickamâs book âTorpedo Junctionâ discusses Germanyâs brutal attack on merchant marine ships during the first six months of 1942. Many were later discarded, with only those recording a birth or death on board normally being retained. Manned by merchant seamen, they were an emergency response to a critical shortage of maritime cargo ships in the early years of the war, exacerbated by German U-Boat activities in the Atlantic. Most of the â¦ In January 1943 the Chief of Staff, U.S. Army, and Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Navy agreed that the formation of a joint committee to assess enemy Naval and merchant shipping losses during World War II would be desirable. 9-29-322, Unit 296 B.S. Many more merchant vessels were seriously damaged. That brings us to Vickiâs question about her relative. List of German merchant ships 1939 and their fate during World War II [provisional] description Object description. In early 1942 he served in the Pacific Ocean dropping off supplies to Pearl Harbor. The British Merchant Navy fleet was the largest in the world in 1939 and around 185,000 men served in it during the war. whole: â¦ Re: How many ships were sunk during WWII ? Show more. A â¦ British merchant ships were first required to keep an official log under the Merchant Shipping Act of 1850 and logs start to appear among official records from 1852 onwards. This committee consisted of representatives of the Navy, the Army, and the Army Air â¦ Merchant seamen crewed the merchant ships of the British Merchant Navy which kept the United Kingdom supplied with raw materials, arms, ammunition, fuel, food and all of the necessities of a nation at war throughout World War II literally enabling the country to defend itself. Merchant Marine in World War II we divide the time into four periods: Period A: Greece neutral. Then, by the Fall of 1942 he was a USMMA cadet and engineer in Atlantic Convoys. According to the American Merchant Marine at War website, over 1500 merchant ships were sunk during the War, and hundreds of others were damaged by enemy attacks and mines. Two co contribuitors gave the data for USA and UK which were the more affected nations in the Allied side. American Merchant Ships Sunk in WWII Source - A Careless Word, A Needless Sinking by Captain Arthur R. Moore. Let's imagine the pollution ! The steam passenger ship Athenia was torpedoed without warning in the Atlantic, west of Ireland. Top. Tennent, A J, British Merchant Ships sunk by U-Boats in the 1914-18 War (Starling Press, 1990) Williams, D, Wartime Disasters At Sea, Every Passenger Ship Lost in World Wars I & II, (Yeovil, 1997). It is strange that so many ships didn't provoke any black tide in the world. With guns and ammunition onboard, Baralong sent her small Royal Marine contingent across to hunt them down, no doubt on a "shoot-on-sight" basis, before they could do any damage. This table takes a little time to upload but you will be pleased with the information provided about the Merchant Ships of World War II and is well worth the wait. World War II: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Mediterranean Sea 30 nautical miles (56 km) south south west of Beirut, Lebanon) by U-97 ( Kriegsmarine) with the loss of 26 of her 65 crew. Posted on July 21, 2017 July 24, 2017 by abandonship1. During the war this fleet underwent tremendous expansion as Canadian shipyards produced 403 merchant vessels. According to the War Shipping Administration, a total of 1,554 merchant ships were sunk during World War II due to war-related conditions, including 733 ships of over 1,000 gross tons. In the last year of WWII he sailed on the Marine Angel. Ships hit by U-boats during WWII. Merchant Marine casualities in WW2. A total of 731 American merchant ships were lost to enemy action during the war. Britain declared war on Germany on 3 September 1939. (Author) MUNCHING, L.L. Mark in Cleveland, Tn. 38 of these D.E.M.S's gunners were to be killed in WW2. Pages in category "World War II merchant ships of Germany" The following 165 pages are in this category, out of 165 total. Recruiters urged men to join the Merchant Marine, and volunteers came from across the country. He was on the USAT Uruguay when he was at sea. Dad originally trained at the U.S. Maritime Service Training Station in St Petersburg. This work is still very much in development but we have about one-third of the people who died already listed. Jan 10, 2018 - This board is a collection of merchant navy info from Ww2. USS R-12 United States Navy: The R-class submarine sank in a diving accident while conducting torpedo trials in the Florida Strait) south of Key West. Date Name of Ship Merchant/Fishing Gross Tonnes 1 April Warren Merchant 3,709 1 April Kasenga Merchant 4,652 1 April Eastern Belle Merchant (S.V) 97 1 April Silvia Merchant (S.V) 164 1 April Zambesi Merchant 3,759 2 April Brittania Merchant 3,129 2 April Lord Scarborough Fishing 158 3 April Ardgask Merchant 4,542 3 April â¦ We lack good evidence coming from the Axis side. British merchant losses in WWII. In 1942, the average sinking of Allied merchant ships was thirty-three ships each week. All four were killed. This is a database on the people who perished or survived attacks by German U-boats during WWII. He was also on the last voyage of the tea clipper CUTTY SARK before it was docked indefinitely in Greenwich London. Most of these were taken over by Great Britain and the United States but a significant number sailed under the Canadian flag. As I discuss in my Premium eLearning video class Google Books: The Tool I Use Every Day, Google Books is a treasure trove of genealogical information. The term however was in common usage well before then. If we look at the total Merchant Marine Navy losses during World War 11 the figures look like this: British Merchant Marine: 25 070 Men Killed 2 426 Ships Sunk; US Merchant Marine: 6 838 Men Killed 848 Ships Sunk (+1800 Naval guards Killed) Remembering British merchant and fishing ships sunk in April, 1917. For some reason my sources list those under the 1942 statistics. MERCHANT SHIPS IN WORLD WAR II 29I which they were covered at the time, so that it must be regarded as more significant from an underwriter's than from a statistician's point of view. VON (Author) WORLD SHIP SOCIETY (Author) n. pub. 28 ... merchant ship; L/ms/wi - steam trawler; un â fishing trawler converted to cargo ship), 155/1891, ... disappeared below. He was sunk on many occasions and sailed in both the Australian and British merchant navy. About the merchant navy . Merchant Navy Awards 1939-1945 This collection details over 9,000 awards made to those who served in the Merchant Navy from 1939-45. Sep 18, 2020 - US Merchant Marine in WWII. Without question, the U.S. The two forward gun turrets are visible with their prominent rangefinders projecting from the rear of the turret.FEB16 . The Canadian Merchant Marine had only forty-one ocean-going merchant ships at the outbreak of the Second World War. Besides the Merchant Marine vessels, the worrisome ships include a barge lost in bad weather in 1936, two ships sunk in separate collisions in 1947 and 1952, and a â¦ The Royal Australian Navy trained and supplied gunners to man the Defencively Equipped Merchant Ships during WW2, these gunners operated in a similar manner to the United States Armed Guard. The term âBritish Merchant Navyâ was not formally adopted until 1928 when George V made the Prince of Wales âMaster of the Merchant Navy and Fishing Fleetsâ. In 1939 the Admiralty instructed the Board of Trade, for reasons of security, to prevent masters of merchant vessels from using shipsâ logs or crew lists and agreements to record destinations or ports of call. 1 September 1939 until 28 October 1940; ... â¢ Ships sunk 8 182 â¢ Motor sailboats sunk 9 483 â¢ By Allied submarines 116 â¢ By German submarines 1 â¢ By Allied air force 166 â¢ By German air force 78 â¢ By mines 42 â¢ By undetermined cause 80. Transcripts of interviews with masters or senior officers of merchant ships attacked or sunk by the enemy are now held by The National Archives in series ADM 199. Three ships sunk by U. Interviews depended, of course, on an officer surviving an attack, and even they did not always reach home safely. 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