Case Studies. The study of fatal dog attacks can lead to prevention techniques which can help to reduce all dog bite injuries, not only fatalities. All patients received prophylactic antibiotics. 2008; 14:296. Dog bites can cause significant psychological and physical damage, and bites to the face often require reconstructive surgery to repair injuries ranging from nerve damage to tissue loss. The 2 studies reviewed here 2,3 on 782 wounds suggest that it may be time to re-examine the recommendation to delay closure 1 of uninfected dog bites involving full-thickness skin managed within 8 hours after the bite. The following cases are some examples of the types of cases I have worked as an expert witness since 1990. The Australian death and hospitalization rates for dog bite are 0.004 and 7.7 per 100 000, respectively. AKRON, Ohio — A new study is giving insight into which dog breeds are most at risk to bite people and how severe the injuries could be. CONCLUSIONS: Preschool-aged children are more likely to be injured by dog bites, and dog bites can result in major injury to the head and neck region. Dog bites: still a problem? Apply antibiotic ointment to the injury every day to prevent infection. This study was designed to evaluate two outcomes: infection and unfavorable scar formation. Background: The objective of this study was to characterize the nature of dog bite injuries treated over a 5-year period at a large tertiary pediatric hospital and to identify relevant parameters for public education and injury prevention. Bites and maulings by dogs, sometimes fatal, are a worldwide problem and particularly affect children. They excluded complex or complicated wounds and patients with immunosuppression. #### SUMMARY POINTS Increasingly, dog bites are the … We made a cross-sectional study of a rural community of ten villages served by a primary health centre selected by random sampling. Try to keep the injured area elevated. This study is an RCT that included 168 dog bites and randomized them to either suturing or not. The study, published in the International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, explores the risks of dog bite injuries to the face in children and bite severity by breed, size and head structure. Data on dog bites and knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) related to dog bites are not generally available to rural communities. Prevention efforts should focus on dog training, public education (children and adults), vigilant adult supervision, and a zero-tolerance policy. Background There is little consensus on the management of dog bite victims. Pfortmueller CA, Efeoglou A, Furrer H, Exadaktylos AK: Dog bite injuries: primary and secondary emergency department presentations – a retrospective cohort study. Injury Prevention. View Abstract Temple, TX - Last fall, the Journal of Pediatric Surgery accepted a study from researchers at Texas A&M University Health Science Center in Temple, Texas. Moreover, even if every nation tries to reduce the phenomenon by introducing new laws, they do not always produce a reduction in dog attacks and dog-bite–related fatalities . Dog bites and attacks can result in pain, bruising, wounds, bleeding, soft tissue injury, broken bones, loss of limbs, scalping, disfigurement, life-threatening injuries, and death. The study was recently assigned to the journal's July 2019 volume. Gilchrist J, et al. Every year 250 000 people who have been bitten by dogs attend minor injuries and emergency units in the United Kingdom,1 and some of them are admitted to hospital for surgical debridement or intravenous antibiotics. 8 In our current study, the youngest age group (0 to 4 years, n = 63) was approaching the number seen for all other children (5 to 17 years, n = 75), and more than the number in the next age group (5 to 10 years, n = 53). Methods A retrospective study of dog bite cases from January 2013 to May 2016 was conducted at our level I pediatric trauma center. Inclusion criteria included full thickness wounds presenting within 48 hours in patients over 15 years of age. Dog attacks and dog-pack attacks represent a hazard for public health both because of the severe injuries caused and, in some cases, because of fatalities [2,8]. 0.004 and 7.7 per 100 000, respectively significant medical treatment can help to reduce risk for infection prevent! 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