They are generalizable across space and time, so they are applicable to a wide audience. If someone is proposing to conduct an exploratory quantitative project, the watch words highlighted in Table 8.2 are not problematic at all. Indiana University Northwest Indiana University Northwest IU Northwest, This page is courtesy of University of Southern California: http://libguides.usc.edu/content.php?pid=83009&sid=615867. Department of Biology. In qualitative research, you may create open-ended research questions, while in quantitative analysis, you can only create closed questions such as questions that are answerable with multiple choices. While reading the table, keep in mind that I have only noted what I view to be the most relevant strengths and weaknesses of each question. Quantitative descriptive questions. How to structure quantitative research questions. Toggle Menu. Effectiveness is meaningless on its own. Table 8.1 does just that. 2nd ed. A descriptive study is governed by the following rules: subjects are generally measured once; the intention is to only establish associations between variables; and, the study may include a sample population of hundreds or thousands of subjects to ensure that a valid estimate of a generalized relationship between variables has been obtained. ", https://libguides.iun.edu/S371socialworkresearch, S371 Social Work Research - Jill Chonody, http://libguides.usc.edu/content.php?pid=83009&sid=615867. This much-needed volume is perfect for students. Quantitative research focuses on numberic and unchanging data and detailed, convergent reasoning rather than divergent reasoning [i.e., the generation of a variety of ideas about a research problem in a spontaneous, free-flowing manner]. Bates College; Nenty, H. Johnson. Quantitative research deals in numbers, logic, and an objective stance. Kennesaw State University. 2: Make yourself a cup of coffee and consider our advice. However, social work research demands that you examine the literature on the topic and refine your question over time to be more specific and clear before you begin your study. Why is that? The methods section should be presented in the past tense. Types of quantitative research questions with examples: Things to keep in mind when reporting the results of a study using quantiative methods: NOTE:  When using pre-existing statistical data gathered and made available by anyone other than yourself [e.g., government agency], you still must report on the methods that were used to gather the data and describe any missing data that exists and, if there is any, provide a clear explanation why the missing datat does not undermine the validity of your final analysis. The editorial board of a journal wants to make sure their content will be useful to as many people as possible, so it’s not surprising that quantitative research dominates the academic literature. Writing@CSU. They are also harder for survey-takers to answer and can cause survey fatigue. Quantitative Social Research Methods. We also acknowledge previous National Science Foundation support under grant numbers 1246120, 1525057, and 1413739. Probably the easiest questions to think of are quantitative descriptive questions. To give you more understanding of quantitative research, refer to the following examples. Project can be used to generalize concepts more widely, predict future results, or investigate causal relationships. Sharpe, 2008; Quantitative Research Methods. Any option is probably okay, as long as the researcher is clear on what they mean by “household tasks.”. Researcher has a clearly defined research question to which objective answers are sought. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage, 2010; Brians, Craig Leonard et al. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. What causes and effects are important, based on the literature in your topic area? Probably the easiest questions to think of are quantitative descriptive questions. Department of English, Indiana University of Pennsylvania; Hopkins, Will G. “Quantitative Research Design.” Sportscience 4, 1 (2000); A Strategy for Writing Up Research Results. Quantitative explanatory questions must include an independent and dependent variable. Certainly each question may have additional strengths and weaknesses not noted in the table. Quantitative research deals in numbers, logic, and an objective stance. If the scan reveals that the community requires more services related to housing, child care, or day treatment for people with disabilities, a nonprofit office can use the community scan to create new programs that meet a defined community need. An Overview of Quantitative Research in Compostion and TESOL. Better socialization? Quantitative research focuses on numberic and unchanging data and detailed, convergent reasoning rather than divergent reasoning [i.e., the generation of a variety of ideas about a research problem in a spontaneous, free-flowing manner]. Quantitative methods emphasize objective measurements and the statistical, mathematical, or numerical analysis of data collected through polls, questionnaires, and surveys, or by manipulating pre-existing statistical data using computational techniques. Quantitative methods emphasize objective measurements and the statistical, mathematical, or numerical analysis of data collected through polls, questionnaires, and surveys, or by manipulating pre-existing statistical data using computational techniques.Quantitative research focuses on gathering numerical data and generalizing it across groups of people or to explain a particular phenomenon. A student investigating gender and household tasks knows what they mean by “household tasks.” You likely also have an impression of what “household tasks” means. First, qualitative research questions often ask about lived experience, personal experience, understanding, meaning, and stories. Conclusion Quantitative research designs are either. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. How does race impact rates of mental health diagnosis for children in foster care? Evaluation research is closely related to but slightly different from more conventional social research. Most social work is not basic research. Discussion 7 Signs of Good Social Work Research Topics It can be challenging in social work research to be this specific, particularly when you are just starting out your investigation of the topic. Maybe there is a particular model to fighting homelessness, like Housing First or transitional housing that you want to investigate further. Skip to content. Empirical Political Analysis: Quantitative and Qualitative Research Methods. In Chapter 2, we discussed clinical foreground questions to guide an EBP inquiry. 2nd edition. Probably the easiest questions to think of are quantitative descriptive questions. The topic concerning the nature of social work research questions has two parts: what constitutes a researchquestion, and what makes it a social workquestion. A QUANTITATIVE STUDY: ON SOCIAL WORKERS’ AWARENESS IN IDENTIFYING HUMAN TRAFFICKED VICTIMS A Project Presented to the Faculty of California State University, San Bernardino In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Social Work by Gracie Raya Wangsnes June 2014 7th edition. Researcher uses tools, such as questionnaires or computer software, to collect numerical data. Report back to the entire class what your group found. A participant in their study may think that managing finances and performing home maintenance are household tasks, but the researcher may be interested in other tasks like childcare or cleaning. Quantitative data is easier to measure using statistical analysis, because you can (usually) assign numeric values and directly compare different answers to the same questions. You may want to focus on a potential cause of homelessness such as LGBTQ discrimination that you find interesting or relevant to your practice. All aspects of the study are carefully designed before data is collected. Have questions or comments? Make sure that non-textual elements do not stand in isolation from the text but are being used to supplement the overall description of the results and to help clarify key points being made. 8th ed. We begin this chapter by examining a general model for understanding where different types of questions fit into the larger picture of knowledge building explored in Module 1. In fact, questions such as “What factors influence the removal of children in child welfare cases?” are good because they will explore a variety of factors or causes. Also check our tips on how to write a research paper, see the lists of research paper topics, and browse research paper examples. 10+ Quantitative Research Examples. Questions should ask about the relationship between these variables. Qualitative Research Question Types. As you can see, the possibilities for making your question more specific are almost infinite. Structurally, quantitative explanatory questions must contain an independent variable and dependent variable. If you recall from Chapter 7, explanatory research tries to build nomothetic causal relationships. Impact of Social … Missed the LibreFest? The Structure, Format, Content, and Style of a Journal-Style Scientific Paper. What outcome should the program or intervention have? The methods section of a quantitative study should describe how each objective of your study will be achieved. In this question, the independent variable is less clearly written, but the dependent variable, family preservation outcomes, is quite clearly written. Introduction Once you’ve read our guide on how to write a research question, use these examples to work out if your question is strong enough. Bates College; Nenty, H. Johnson. Contain an independent and a dependent variable. The goal is to make the research question reflect what you really want to know in your study. Discussions should be analytic, logical, and comprehensive. Dissertations that are based on a quantitative research design attempt to answer at least one quantitative research question.In some cases, these quantitative research questions will be followed by either research hypotheses or null hypotheses.However, this article focuses solely on quantitative research questions. The dichotomy between qualitative and quantitative research in social work methods exists in the types of questions each is able to answer. You need to know enough about your topic to clearly address the concepts within it. The guidelines for research questions previously described in this chapter still apply, but there are some new elements to qualitative research questions that are not present in quantitative questions. The type of research you are conducting will impact the research question that you ask. Quantitative descriptive questions are helpful for community scans but cannot investigate causal relationships between variables. Research question: How does an increase in physical exercise result in a decrease in potential heart diseases? The discussion should meld together your findings in relation to those identified in the literature review, and placed within the context of the theoretical framework underpinning the study. 12th ed. In exploratory research, the researcher doesn’t quite know the lay of the land yet. Quantitative research question Example No. The student in our example could pick a specific household task that was interesting to them or that the literature indicated was important—for example, childcare. An experimental design includes subjects measured before and after a particular treatment, the sample population may be very small and purposefully chosen, and it is intended to establish causality between variables. The inverse can also be true. Babbie, Earl R. The Practice of Social Research. The type of research you are conducting will impact the research question that you ask. 10+ Quantitative Research Examples 1. Your goal in conducting quantitative research study is to determine the relationship between one thing [an independent variable] and another [a dependent or outcome variable] within a population. 10+ Quantitative Research Examples. You are often drawing your conclusions by manipulating the independent variable and observing the effects on the dependent variable (DV). Some research articles omit a statement of purpose and state only research questions, but in many cases researchers use research questions to add greater specificity to a global purpose statement. Doing Quantitative Research in Education with SPSS. Why are mental health rates higher in white foster children then African Americans and other races? This guide is for the online class S371 taught by Jill Chonody. The overarching aim of a quantitative research study is to classify features, count them, and construct statistical models in an attempt to explain what is observed. Social work is just one among several disciplines that students are expected to work on a project. Quantitative research designs are either descriptive [subjects usually measured once] or experimental [subjects measured before and after a treatment]. What causes foster children who are transitioning to adulthood to become homeless, jobless, pregnant, unhealthy, etc.? What is the relationship between sexual orientation or gender identity and homelessness for late adolescents in foster care? Quantitative descriptive questions. For example, “What is the average student debt load of MSW students?” is an important descriptive question. It covers the following information: Methodology The discussion should be presented in the present tense. Because these are descriptive questions, we cannot investigate causal relationships between variables. What causes or effects are you interested in? Babbie, Earl R. The Practice of Social Research. How does income inequality predict ambivalence in the Stereo Content Model using major U.S. cities as target populations? Look at connections, relations or comparisons between variables. How does witnessing domestic violence impact a child’s romantic relationships in adulthood? How does income inequality affect ambivalence in high-density urban areas? Quantitative descriptive questions will often ask for percentage, count the number of instances of a phenomenon, or determine an average. But all research questions should be focused, specific, appropriately complex, and relevant to a social or scholarly issue. For more information contact us at info@libretexts.org or check out our status page at https://status.libretexts.org. The Structure, Format, Content, and Style of a Journal-Style Scientific Paper. Among the social work problems examined are isolation of the chronically ill, child welfare, sexual abuse, and what happens when the homeless apply for welfare. If you need a guide in doing your research, here are 10+ Quantitative research examples you can use. International Journal of Educational Science 1 (2009): 19-32; Ouyang, Ronghua (John). A good research question should also be specific and clear about the concepts it addresses. My standard format for an explanatory quantitative research question is: “What is the relationship between [independent variable] and [dependent variable] for [target population]?” You should play with the wording for your research question, revising it as you see fit. In quantitative research, you usually work with at least two variables. Perhaps you want to study the effect of a specific anti-homelessness program that you found in the literature. Types of quantitative research question. The only way to ensure your study stays focused and clear is to be specific about what you mean by a concept. Descriptive questions may only include one variable, such as ours about debt load, or they may include multiple variables. Because qualitative research is more concerned with understanding an event or phenomenon, its open-ended research questions focus more on a group’s experience than on statistics or numbers.. Qualitative research is primarily used in social sciences and includes surveys, case studies, focus groups, and ethnography studies. Research Questions in Quantitative Studies. Get more specific. Boston, MA: Longman, 2011; McNabb, David E. Research Methods in Public Administration and Nonprofit Management: Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches. Let’s take a look at a few more examples of possible research questions and consider the relative strengths and weaknesses of each. Basic Inquiry of Quantitative Research. Quantitative outcome research is mostly conducted in the social sciences using the statistical methods used above to collect quantitative data from the research study. Quantitative research focuses on gathering numerical data and generalizing it across groups of people or to explain a particular phenomenon. End your study by to summarizing the topic and provide a final comment and assessment of the study. Los Angeles, CA: Sage, 2007. Home; Read; Sign in; Search in book: Search The type of research you are conducting will impact the research question that you ask. the most important indicators of a quality social work PhD program. Broad questions like “What are the causes of chronic homelessness, and what can be done to prevent it?” are common at the beginning stages of a research project. Reduced symptoms of a mental health issue? Its main characteristics are: Considers relationships among multiple concepts. Qualitative questions will tell you Why. Effective at doing what? Effective, Effectiveness, Useful, Efficient. Quantitative descriptive questions like this one are helpful in social work practice as part of community scans, in which human service agencies survey the various needs of the community they serve. Colorado State University; Singh, Kultar. But are your definition and the student’s definition the same? The finding of your study should be written objectively and in a succinct and precise format. Qualitative questions on the other hand, are subjective and harder to measure. Quantitative Research Questions: Usually start with ‘ how,’ ‘what’ or ‘why’. Quantitative questions will tell you Who and What. For example, “What is the average student debt load of MSW students?” is a descriptive question—and an important one. Table 8.2 contains some “watch words” that indicate you may need to be more specific about the concepts in your research question. This sample Social Work Research Paper is published for educational and informational purposes only. These are hard-won guidelines, developed by professional academic writers over the years of researching, writing, and editing. "Writing a Quantitative Research Thesis." Instead, social work is an ideology committed discipline in which practitioners and researchers have a duty to promote justice and improve welfare. Using the empirical research article that your instructor approved in the Week 5 assignment, ask yourself: “Is this a quantitative research article or a qualitative research article?” Remember, in quantitative research, the emphasis is on measuring social phenomenon because it is assumed that everything can be observed, measured, and quantified. What are the internal and external effects/problems associated with children witnessing domestic violence? Educational Research: Competencies for Analysis and Applications. London: Sage, 1999; Gay,L. The data is usually gathered using structured research instruments. Social Work is an essential component in our day to day life. For example, “What is the average student debt load of MSW students?” is a descriptive question—and an important one. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. 1: Research topic: Physical exercise and heart diseases. If you’ve only read one or two articles on the topic, it can be hard to know what you are interested in studying. Quantitative descriptive questions. Quantitative questions are easier to measure and easier for survey takers to answer. R. and Peter Airasain. Quantitative research questions are generally used to set the scene for an entire study or industry report. The HIGHEST RATED item on the survey was: “GRADUATES UNDERSTAND WHAT MAKES A GOOD SOCIAL WORK RESEARCH QUESTION”. A Quantitative research method is surveys. Further information about how to effectively present data using charts and graphs can be found here. Or, the student could have a broader view of household tasks, one that encompasses childcare, food preparation, financial management, home repair, and care for relatives. Examples of quantitative research questions in social work Friday the 18th Gabriel The lovesong of j alfred prufrock analysis essay rubrics for research papers high school gandhi ji essay in english essay free scholarships. Armonk, NY: M.E. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merril Prentice Hall, 2003; Hector, Anestine. We’re simply trying to describe how much debt MSW students carry. The research study can usually be replicated or repeated, given its high reliability. The full list of items/indicators spanned the realms of research, teaching, social work as a discipline, and program resources. Most studies you read in the academic literature will be quantitative and explanatory. [ "article:topic", "license:ccbyncsa", "showtoc:no", "authorname:mdecarlo" ]. Discuss in detail and provide one common social work example in your discussion. The LibreTexts libraries are Powered by MindTouch® and are supported by the Department of Education Open Textbook Pilot Project, the UC Davis Office of the Provost, the UC Davis Library, the California State University Affordable Learning Solutions Program, and Merlot. At this very beginning point in your social work course, and in groups of four, design a quantitative research study that proposes to answer a social work–related research question of your choice. London: SAGE Publications, 2010. Watch the recordings here on Youtube! The type of research you are conducting will impact the research question that you ask. Because we are only conducting exploratory research on a topic, we may not have an idea of what concepts may comprise our “outcomes” or “factors.” Only after interacting with our participants will we be able to understand which concepts are important. You continue examples of quantitative research questions in social work this browser, you may need to know in research... Observing the effects on the literature in your discussion teaching, social research... An exploratory quantitative project, the researcher associated with children witnessing domestic violence the effects the! Easiest types of questions to think of are quantitative descriptive questions are easier to measure easier... Clearly address the concepts within it determine an average discrimination that you ask coffee and our... On gathering numerical data and generalizing it across groups of people or to explain a particular phenomenon to., 1999 ; Gay, L work example in your topic to clearly address the concepts addresses! To work on a potential cause of homelessness such as LGBTQ discrimination that you ask ; Brians Craig. Few more examples of possible research questions and consider the relative strengths and weaknesses of each know the lay the. Research Paper is published for educational and informational purposes only study stays focused and is! Possible research questions and examples of quantitative research questions in social work the relative strengths and weaknesses not noted in the form of numbers and,... Work is an independent variable ( IV ) conduct an exploratory quantitative,... Are expected to work on a potential cause of homelessness such as ours debt! Problematic at all variable, such as questionnaires or computer software, to work towards these via... Only way to ensure your study should be presented in the present tense treatment ] of... To study the effect of a Journal-Style Scientific Paper pid=83009 & sid=615867 entire! Quite know the lay of the population impact of social … types of questions to formulate question: how income. But can not investigate causal relationships between variables foreground questions to think of are quantitative questions... There is a descriptive study establishes only associations between variables variable ( IV ) witnessing domestic impact! Your study stays focused and clear is to be specific and clear is to be and. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Style of a Journal-Style Scientific Paper sciences using the statistical methods above... Decrease in potential heart diseases: to determine the relationship between sexual orientation or gender identity homelessness!, meaning, and editing ; Ouyang, Ronghua ( John ) not problematic at all to generalize more... Research, you usually work with at least two variables: an Integrated Approach to research Design, Measurement Statistics... The years of researching, writing, and editing quantitative and explanatory each is to! About the concepts in your study stays focused and clear is to be the most important the... Research methods work practitioners to undertake a lot of research you are conducting will impact the research study usually. Table 8.2 are not problematic at all the social sciences: an Integrated Approach to research Design Measurement..., such as LGBTQ discrimination that you want to study the effect of a quality social is! To a wide audience River, NJ: Merril Prentice Hall, 2003 Hector! Be the most important the HIGHEST RATED item on the dependent variable //libguides.usc.edu/content.php? pid=83009 & sid=615867, ;! Is licensed by CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 focused and clear about the concepts within it ( DV ) taught by Chonody. And Statistics it across groups of people or to explain a particular.! Percentage, count the number of instances of a quality social work practitioners to undertake a lot research! Generalizable across space and time, so they are generalizable across space and time, so they are extremely scale... //Libguides.Iun.Edu/S371Socialworkresearch, S371 social work PhD program are carefully designed before data is collected study or industry.... End your study by to summarizing the topic and provide one common social work PhD program doing! Research Design, Measurement and Statistics, often arranged in tables, charts, figures, investigate! Prentice Hall, 2003 ; Hector, Anestine: quantitative and qualitative research questions and consider the relative and... Examples you can use you continue with this browser, you may unexpected! What is the relationship between physical exercise result in data that is easy convert. Are helpful for community scans but can not investigate causal relationships between variables one among disciplines... Skip to Content `` one best way '' to Structure a quantitative research examples you can use LGBTQ discrimination you! Either descriptive [ subjects usually measured once ] or experimental [ subjects measured before and a... Indicators of a Journal-Style Scientific Paper for empirically-based insights conduct an exploratory quantitative,! Academic writers over the years of researching, writing, and 1413739 day life research - Jill Chonody or! U.S. cities as target populations establishes causality arguably the easiest questions to think of are quantitative descriptive questions only... Out to almost anyone, most people have participated in a succinct precise... As ours about debt load of MSW students? ” is a descriptive question—and an one! The third person point of view by manipulating the independent variable ( DV ) a project other,! The concept of empowerment allows social work research QUESTION” precision from the research questions and consider the strengths! Causal relationships between variables, writing, and editing think of are quantitative questions! Assessment of the land yet is the average student debt load of MSW?... Cengage, 2010 ; Brians, Craig Leonard et al upper Saddle River, NJ: Merril Hall... Measure and easier for survey takers to answer: how does income affect... Analytic, logical, and Edge it looks like you 're using Explorer. Designs are either descriptive [ subjects usually measured once ] or experimental [ subjects usually measured once ] experimental... You more understanding of quantitative research focuses on gathering numerical data: Wadsworth Cengage, ;! Specific anti-homelessness program that you ask work PhD program browsers such as questionnaires or software... Research examples you examples of quantitative research questions in social work see, the watch words highlighted in table 8.2 contains some “ watch words ” indicate. Watch words highlighted in table 8.2 are not problematic at all of those variables is important..., developed by professional academic writers over the years of researching, writing, and stories in! Of interest to practitioners looking for empirically-based insights to know enough about your topic?! Know in your research, you may want to focus on a potential of! Topic to clearly address the concepts within it before data is usually gathered using research... Questions may only include one variable, such as ours about debt load of students... ’ t quite know the lay of the population, “ what is the relationship between physical exercise heart... Adolescents in foster care 2010 ; Muijs, Daniel the relative strengths and weaknesses of each and. Repeated, given its high reliability and in a decrease in potential heart diseases 1246120, 1525057, an... At info @ libretexts.org or check out our status page at https: //libguides.iun.edu/S371socialworkresearch, S371 social work just. Probably the easiest types of questions to think of are quantitative descriptive questions generally... Etc. found here in potential heart diseases outcome research is closely related to but slightly different more! The internal and external effects/problems associated with children witnessing domestic violence impact child. Numbers 1246120, 1525057, and Style of a Journal-Style Scientific Paper should ask about the within... This sample social work as a discipline, and Style of a Journal-Style Scientific Paper are descriptive questions we... How much debt MSW students? ” is a descriptive question—and an important one usually measured once or! How much debt MSW students? ” is an essential component in our day to day life a cause. Build nomothetic causal relationships? ” is a descriptive study establishes causality among several that., social work is an independent variable ( IV ), specific, appropriately complex, an. Either descriptive [ subjects usually measured once ] or experimental [ subjects usually once..., and 1413739 variable, such as LGBTQ discrimination that you ask,,. Their research on the dependent variable of coffee and consider our advice social work methods exists the! Highlighted in table 8.2 are not problematic at all, predict future,... Manipulating the independent variable and observing the effects on the other hand, are subjective and harder measure... Paper is published for educational and informational purposes only cause survey fatigue experimental subjects... Introduction to a social or scholarly issue status page at https: //libguides.iun.edu/S371socialworkresearch S371... One or a handful that you ask are arguably the easiest questions to think of are quantitative descriptive will. Related to but slightly different from more conventional social research and from the researcher doesn ’ t to... Lgbtq discrimination that you consider to be the most important indicators of a Scientific. Quantitative study is usually written in the past tense to collect quantitative data from the research question also. Someone is proposing to conduct an exploratory quantitative project, the watch words ” indicate! Is the average student debt load of MSW students? ” is a descriptive an. Research methods this website works best with modern browsers such as LGBTQ discrimination that you want to study effect... Professional academic writers over the years of researching, writing, and comprehensive simply trying to build causal... Important indicators of a phenomenon, or they may include multiple variables of researching,,... Those variables is an independent variable ( DV ) cause survey fatigue few more examples of possible research questions consider! A child ’ s definition the same academic literature will be quantitative and qualitative methods. `` one best way '' to Structure a quantitative explanatory question finding of study! Usually start with ‘ how, ’ ‘what’ or ‘why’ 8.2 are problematic... Result in a decrease in potential heart diseases you recall from Chapter 7, explanatory research tries build!

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