2 pages, 540 words. The critic’s purpose should be to penetrate to the heart of the book before him; to disengage its essential qualities of power and beauty; to distinguish between what is temporary and what is permanent in it; to analyze and formulate its meaning; to elucidate by direct examination the artistic and moral principles which, whether the writer himself was conscious of them or not, have actually guided and controlled his labors. Reader-response criticism is a school of literary theory that focuses on the reader (or “audience”) and their experience of a literary work, in contrast to other schools and theories that focus attention primarily on the author or the content and form of the work.. literary criticism meaning: 1. the formal study and discussion of works of literature, for example by judging and explaining…. Literary criticism goes all the way back to the days of Plato. All the articles you read in this site are contributed by users like you, with a single vision to liberate knowledge. THE FUNCTIONS OF CRITICISM The primary function of a literary critic is to arrive at and pronounce a meaningful judgment of value. The primary function of literary criticism is to interpret literature in a way that will increase understanding, according to the English department of Georgia Perimeter College. The function of literary criticism is to examine the merits and demerits or defects of a work of art and finally to evaluate its worth. Citing Aristotle, Arnold believed that poetry was more valid than historical accounts because it was created as an emotional reaction to events instead of being a subjective report. Privacy Policy Understanding Meaning. The great philosophers of the period discussed a great variety of matters including the value of literature of society and its nature and functions. 3. Note limiters: Peer-reviewed journals and Literature & Writing. Parks received his Masters of Arts in English at New York University. Literary criticism is a way of having a "conversation" about a work, placing the work not only in its own context, but also in the context of the thinking of the time of the criticism. Since 2003, Desmond Parks has worked for advertising, marketing, and consulting firms. The literary critic, therefore, is primarily an expert who uses his special faculty and training to examine the merits and defects of a piece of literary art or the work of … Archetypal literary criticism argues that archetypes determine the form and function of literary works and that a text's meaning is shaped by cultural and psychological myths. Workfolk “is the exercise of judgment in the province of art and literature and the critic is a person who is possessed of the knowledge necessary to enable him to pronounce right judgments upon the merit or worth of such works as come within its province. The essay The Function of Criticism at the Present Time was published by Matthew Arnold in his first collection of critical writing ‘ Essays in Criticism ’ in 1865. criticism involves various aspects to examine the literary work in order. Functions Of Literary Criticism As Cecil Day Lewis puts it in the The Poetic Image "to say it quite simply, the critic has one pre eminent task -the task of easing or widening or deepening our responses to poetry, or one must add, to what ever other branch of literature he may have chosen as his special study." Content Guidelines was an age of critical enquiry and analysis. Part 2 deals with Murry’s views on Romanticism and classicism and Eliot’s contradiction with it. The true critic is the one who is equipped for his/her task by a sound knowledge of his subject. 4. It then proceeds toward the interpretation of further characteristic traits and a systematic explanation of details such as key words, nodal images, etc. The minimal condition for such a new appraisal is, of course, that the original text survive. T. S. Eliot’s essay “The Function of Criticism” (1923) is a work of angry intelligence: it reads as if it were written under duress. The chief function of criticism is to enlighten and stimulate. All forms of art have their critics. This essay has been divided into four parts: 1. Get an answer for 'What is the function of criticism according to T. S. Eliot's Selected Essays, 1917-1932?' He based his moralist perspectives on this belief. With respect to this theory, literature falls under th… Arnold was a moralist who based his interpretations on this philosophical foundation, Lakshmi writes. Criticism may be regarded as having two different functions – that of interpretation and that of judgment. Within recent years, however, the distinction has been forced into prominence by various students of literature, who setting the two functions in opposition, have more or less consistently maintained the thesis that the critic’s chief duty is exposition, even if he is ever warranted in venturing beyond exposition into questions of taste and valuation. Function 3. His work has appeared in online and print publications, including the social magazine "Scallywag and Vagabond" and the literary magazine "The Prometheus"). The overall functions of literary criticism are not easily compartmentalized. Step 5: Refine results. to conclude good qualities and the defects in the works of literature. Arnold assumed the position that poetry ought to have a moral foundation, with positive ideals and perspectives to communicate to readers. The essay deals with Arnold’s interpretation of criticism and his critique of writers who write politically or religiously biased literature thus narrowing its scope. PreserveArticles.com: Preserving Your Articles for Eternity, Short notes on the trends in modem criticism, Get complete information on Literary Criticism, What is significance of Wordsworth’s literary criticism in his age, What was the nature of literary criticism during naughty nineties, General characteristics of the literary criticism of 18th century. English literature—History and criticism—Theory, etc. and find homework help for other Selected Essays, 1917-1932 questions at eNotes Literary criticism began in 19th century Europe among the bourgeois class, writes Professor Terry Eagleton of the University of Manchester in "The Function of Criticism: From the Spectator to Post-Structuralism." And classicism and Eliot ’ s views on what a particular work of literature, for example by judging explaining…! 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