The confinement portion of the operations will need to follow state regulations when operating or building a confinement facility. The Iowa DNR administers these rules and goes through the normal rulemaking process to implement these rules. Iowa's regulations "ensure CAFOs meet certain environmental requirements prior to building," Smith said. The lack of regulation of Iowa’s CAFOs only heightens the environmental and health risks associated with factory farming. Representative Art Staed introduced ground-breaking legislation - hf521 - that would reform the CAFO industry in Iowa. 98 More than 2900 of these house more than 1000 animal units, qualifying them as large CAFOs under the EPA’s guidelines. Iowa has over 10,000 factory farms. Two years ago this week the Iowa Policy Project published our paper on industrial hog facilities: The Explosion of CAFOs in Iowa and Its Impact on Water Quality and Public Health. In 2007, a coalition of environmental groups filed a petition with the EPA to take away Iowa’s authority to regulate factory farm water pollution. In 1995, three years prior to the Bormann decision, the Iowa General Assembly added a controversial amendment to chapter 657 that was expressly stated as intended to promote the growth of CAFOs in Iowa by insulating them from nuisance liability. To address the concern of urban residents moving next door to farms and then bringing nuisance 99 In comparison, the other three states comprising the EPA’s Region 7—Kansas, Missouri, and Nebraska—have 446, 554, and 862 CAFOs respectively. Beginning in the 1970s, states became concerned with urban sprawl and the impact it would have on agricultural production. Iowa’s toothless CAFO regulations. Iowa has 26 million corporate owned hogs that produce over 22 billion gallons of untreated liquid manure and raw feces. A study from the University of Northern Iowa analyzed an Iowa county with several CAFOs and found houses directly downwind and within two miles of a CAFO … "These safeguards ensure the state’s natural resources are protected," she said. In June, 2001, Governor Tom Vilsack asked the Presidents of Iowa State University and of The University of Iowa to assist the Iowa Department of Natural Resources and the Environmental Protection Commission with addressing public health and environmental concerns arising from air emissions from concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs). The EPA rules and rule history are available on its CAFO website . UPDATE: On October 5, 2020, the U.S. Supreme Court denied the plaintiffs' petition for certiorari in Himsel v. Himsel challenging Indiana's Right-to-Farm law. 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